Education

Education is officially free in Cambodia and available to all, though there are many costs, (both official and unofficial), and other barriers, that prevent children from attending. Children go to school for half a day, either mornings or afternoons, and a credible 80%+ of children enroll in primary school. Costs of school uniforms, books and other materials, the need to travel greater distances, and unofficial fees, mean that only 26% start lower secondary school and just 9% start upper secondary school; (these are the averages for both sexes – the situation is far worse in rural areas and for girls). Teachers’ salaries are only $40 to $60 per month and they cannot survive on this so are forced to charge unofficial attendance fees, or fees for extra tuition, or for examination results etc. Such fees are beyond the means of the poorest families, and as children get older they are needed to work at home, so the problem is doubly difficult.

Completion of the secondary school certificate, and increasingly, being able to speak, read, and write English, are important prerequisites for getting a decent job. Without basic literacy and numeric skills, it is difficult to get any job. A lack of education locks many people into a perpetual poverty cycle.

Reasonable poverty of education:

Few Assets: most of the poor people are living in rural areas and most of them depend on agriculture for their livelihood, but most of them have few assets and landless. Landlessness is one of the main cause of poverty in Cambodia because all the poor are depend on agriculture, so they could not generate money or get income if they have no land to do farming.

Low Income: Because of the poor have no ability to access education and healthcare system, so they are the lack of opportunity to get employment in the city. They can only work in the primary sector; they have no ability to work in the secondary and tertiary sector. So they can only apply for worker or garment worker that provide less salary. On the other hand, in rural areas there in no sustain for the poor, if they depend on only natural resources and the most important, they have dependency people in their family (old men or women and children) so they need to migrate to another place to find a job to support their livelihood.

Low Education attainment: Education in Cambodia is one of the worst in the world because there is not enough teacher, school, in rural areas or some urban; the school is far away from their house, and otherwise some family is poor, they are inability to afford school fee for their children, so they let their children go to work out side for support their living. It is the main cause that mad children cannot go to school, and poverty remains with the children of the poor to take time off from work for their education. According to Cambodian Communities out of Crisis, the adult literacy rate for Cambodian men is 85.1% and women is only 70.9%Educational levels completed by literate persons aged 25 years and over are         “No educational level: 3.2%, Primary not completed: 47.2%, Primary: 26.8%,

Lower Secondary: 18.8%, Secondary/Diploma: 2.2%,

Beyond Secondary: 1.8%”Illiteracy and Lack of Capacity: as mentioned above in Educational level, in rural areas, there is the low rate of enrollment, because of their parent are the inability to afford school fee for their children. A lot of children drop out from school for work in order to get more income for supporting their family or their livelihood. It’s the main cause that leads the Cambodian people into a deep poverty.  Lack of capabilities always makes it impossible for the poor people to move out of poverty.

Illiteracy and Lack of Capacity: as mentioned above in Educational level, in rural areas, there is the low rate of enrollment, because of their parent are an inability to afford school fee for their children. A lot of children drop out from school for work in order to get more income for supporting their family or their livelihood. It’s the main cause that leads the Cambodian people into a deep poverty.  Lack of capabilities always makes it impossible for the poor people to move out of poverty.

Starvation: It has always happened to the people lived in rural areas. Because of low education and inabilities to work for generate money for support their life. There are about 35% living below poverty line, they have no ability to achieve the basic need. They can earn only less than 1$ per day and some families get nothing per day. So their life depend on the natural resources “fishery, agriculture, forestry, landmine, etc.”, if the natural resources faced with the problem, so the poor will face with starvation too.Poor nutrition: food is really important for the human, but in the other urban or rural the people are getting less food consumption. Low/poor nutrition is really affected to the children; the brain will not develop and children may get sick because of

Poor nutrition: food is really important for the human, but in the other urban or rural the people are getting less food consumption. Low/poor nutrition is really affected to the children; the brain will not develop and children may get sick because of the inability of their parent that could not feed them enough food. Children are the most important resources for the country in the future, but unfortunately, they are always live without enough food. Because they depending on natural resources, if the natural resources do not provide them good, so they will get less food too.

Related articles:

-Education in Cambodia

-Public School System